Third grade is often a time when students begin to struggle with fractions, and it can be very challenging! Recognizing fractions, understanding fraction vocabulary, comparing fractions with the same denominator or numerator, and recognizing equivalent fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 are important basic skills before students reach fifth grade, where things get more difficult. How has technology changed in the last 100 years? What about school? It’s important for our third graders to understand that life wasn’t always like this. Space is a fascinating topic for children and adults. By the end of third grade, students should be able to explain that the Sun is a star, what the Earth’s gravitational pull is and how it affects us, words like “orbit,” “tilt,” and “rotation,” and why we can sometimes see our shadow. By third grade, students should be able to understand that America This is is just a representation, a manifestation of what is constantly changing around us. “Try to analyze different kinds of art and music from different time periods and cultures to give students a glimpse. By third grade, most students have at least some idea of the meaning of place. Third grade is a great year to begin teaching research skills related to writing, as the emphasis is on reading informational text and using text features and research tools effectively. Why are some colors called warm and others called cool? In third grade, it’s time to go beyond basic colors and learn more about the color wheel and basic color theory, for example, warm colors mean energy and cool colors mean calm. In third grade, students should be able to have conversations about academic topics with their peers. What is a well-rounded education for a third grader? Let’s look at what each third grader should know by the end of the year in areas such as reading, writing, math, science, history, art and music. Measures and compasses have many advantages in different grades, and my music teacher calls them “music math.” “These skills can help children recognize and repeat patterns, improve gross and fine motor skills, and have even been linked to early language and reading skills. The ultimate goal is for the teacher to step back and let the conversation flow. For more interesting ways to engage students in discussion, check out these 10 fun alternatives to sharing two skinnies. While third graders don’t need to be told in detail about genera and species, it’s a good idea to introduce the concept of animal groups early on, such as cold-blooded animals versus cold-blooded animals. Consider finding stories that reflect your students’ backgrounds and identities, and then prepare background knowledge of these cultures and traditions for all students before diving into the texts.